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h1. Welcome to the SPHInX repository. 

 S/PHI/nX is a *C++ library* for materials simulation, mostly electronic-structure theory. It also is a program (sphinx) to perform such simulations using *density-functional theory*, and *k.p theory*. In addition, the package offers dozens of specialized programs (add-ons) for smaller tasks related to setup, analysis, post-processing, and other types of simulations. 

 In 2009, the base classes of SPHInX relating to *fundamental programming concepts* (memory handling, string handling, math, io, ...)    have been separated from the physics part, and evolved into the "SxAccelerate": library. This powerful library is now used for system administration software, computer games, graph databases, ... 

 If you are looking for "SPHInX source code and manual":, please select the "SPHInX Releases" Releases": project. 

 If you are looking for "SPHInX add-ons such as sxdefectalign":, please select the "SPHInX Add-ons" Add-ons": project. 

 This site is operated by "Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH":, and forms part of its internet presence. See also the "full impressum (impressum in German)": according to German law. 

 h1. Features 

 As a library, SPHInX offers features in multiple areas: 

 h2. Key features DFT 

 * plane-wave basis sets 
 * norm-conserving pseudopotentials or 
 * PAW formalism (reads Bloechl's cppaw, VASP, abinit PAW setups) 
 * LDA, GGA-PBE functionals (PBE0 and HSE hybrids as an experimental feature) 
 * very robust and fast minimizers 
 * atomic spin constraints 
 * DFT+U for molecular orbitals 
 * generalized dipole correction for charged slabs 

 h2. Key features geometry optimization 

 * on-the-fly parameterized BFGS quasi-Newton (ricQN) 
 * standard BFGS quasi-Newton 

 h2. Key features k dot p 

 * plane-wave basis set (i.e., periodic-boundary conditions) 
 * flexible N-band model Hamiltonians configurable via input file 
 * fully flexible system geometry via material maps 
 * linear and non-linear interpolation of material parameters 
 * very efficient preconditioner for minimizer 
 * strain calculation 

 h2. Key features SxAccelerate 

 * base libraries for "C++ simple & powerful" 
 * easy to learn thanks to limiting complexity to the 95% daily-use case 
 * templates for the REALLY useful containers: contiguous arrays, doubly-linked lists, stacks, (math) vectors 
 * simple & powerful string class 
 * powerful io format 
 * timers made simple: define locally, but get numbers in the global output 
 * math support via linking to FFT & linear algebra libraries, but much simplified interface 
 * simple macro language for MPI-based loop parallelization 

 h2. Key features: add-ons 

 * powerful atomic-structure handling for generating and manipulating atomic geometries (rotating, non-trivial multiplying, diffs, patching) 
 * generate slabs, dislocations, random structure 
 * Freysoldt-van-de-Walle-Neugebauer charged defect correction scheme (sxdefectalign) in 3D and 2D 
 * phonons from forces 
 * electronic-structure post-processing: partial densities (also Tersoff-Hamann STM), total & projected DOS, dipole oscillator strengthes, ELNES, MIES 
 * external structure optimizer 
 * interface to the York GW space-time code 

 h1. About Us 

 _The object-oriented DFT program library S/PHI/nX_ 
 S. Boeck, C. Freysoldt, A. Dick, L. Ismer, J. Neugebauer "Comp. Phys. Comm. (182), 2011, 543-554": 

 [[et al|List of Authors]] 

 h2. Contributing Partners 

     * Defect Chemistry and Spectroscopy group     
     "Computational Materials Design Dept.": 
     Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung 
     Düsseldorf, Germany  

     * "Gemmantics IT-Consulting":     
     Erkrath, Germany  

     * "Photonics Theory Group":     
     Tyndall National Institute, 
     Cork, Ireland  

     * "Rechenzentrum Garching of the Max-Planck-Society and the IPP":     
     Garching, Germany